Market Economy Under Rapid Globalization and Rising Productivity

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VOL 2, NO 9 (2015)



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Dmitry S. Sсhmerling
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Joshua Ioji Konov
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Michael Emmett Brady
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Serge Piabuo Mandiefe, Jonas Chia Bafon
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Giovanni Antonio Cossiga


Which are the worst current economics’ compatibility points to the present accelerating globalization and rising productivity? By Joshua Konov, 2012

  • Relying on high productivity as main economic/market agent for growth (1/f noise), whereas, many economic/market agents and tools should be considered “noise” to diversify business activities to maintain economic/market development

Someone has to lose money,” Guo Qigang, the plant’s general manager, said in a recent interview. “We’re a state-owned corporation, and it’s our social responsibility.”…

  • just as occurred decades ago with agriculture, the declining role in our economy of manufacturing, which over the last half-century is down from 32 percent of the work force to 9 percent, will continue. Let’s also recognize that retreating into protectionism would turn a win-lose into a lose-lose.

Tallying the Toll of U.S.-China Trade Many Americans believe low-priced Chinese imports kill U.S. factory jobs. Most economists say the benefits of the trade far outweigh its costs. But new research suggests the damage to the U.S. has been deeper than these economists have supposed.

A typical General Motors worker costs the company about $56 per hour, which includes benefits. In Mexico, a worker costs the company $7 per hour; in China, $4.50 an hour, and in India, $1 per hour. While G.M. doesn’t (yet) achieve United States-level productivity in China and India, its Mexican plants are today at least as efficient as those in the United States.

‘In this perspicacious and persuasive book, Tom Palley shows how Conventional Economic Thinking led ultimately to the disaster of the Great Recession and how it is now threatening to culminate in the Great Stagnation. His thoughts on how to avoid that and how to recover are compelling and important.’ Clyde Prestowitz, President, Economic Strategy Institute

  • Low economic/market security founded on the shady business practices and lack of rule of law that gives major advantage to the large transnational corporations, and grieving disadvantages to the small and medium businesses

Small Business Majority and the American Sustainable Business Council reports that’s not the case. On the contrary, 78 percent of small-business owners in the study think regulation is important to help level the playing field with big business, and 76 percent believe existing regulations should be enforced.

Whenever government wants more power it ignores the regulations that are in place, and then everything goes to hell. I don’t believe in a lot of regulation but I do believe you’ve got to have the proper structure in place to minimize the conflicts of interest involving greed and corruption. But regulations are not worth the paper they are written on if they are not enforced

  • High interest rates lending to the small and medium businesses and investors that’s is accumulative in short term cyclical adjustments, and dysfunctional in another way

Struggling euro-zone economies like Greece, Portugal, Spain and Italy cannot cut their way back to growth. Demanding rigid austerity from them as the price of European support has lengthened and deepened their recessions. It has made their debts harder, not easier, to pay off.…

  • Industrial production as a main and fundamental economic/market agent for fiscal reserves that could have worked-out short term downturns, whereas, well exampled by the last 2007-09 Recession, the downturns are neither short, nor moderate, and could be followed by long rebuilding term

a study released on Wednesday found that entry-level wages for students who graduated from college in 2010 was lower than a decade earlier, after adjusting for inflation.

Technology and cheaper goods from overseas have replaced many of the not-especially-creative professions. A tax accountant loses clients to TurboTax; many graphic designers have been replaced by Photoshop; and the small shopkeeper by Home Depot, Walmart or Duane Reade. Though a lottery economy is valuable to various industries, the thought of an entire lottery-based economy

  • Business cycles as main and fundamental economic/market agent for adjusting economic/market redundancies, whereas the economies/markets fluctuations are less predictable and cycles progressively untraceable, the economic agents and tools should be used much more random “as it comes, as it goes, instead

Companies are focused on jittery consumer confidence, an unstable stock market, perceived obstacles to business expansion like government regulation and, above all, swings in demand for their products.

It is encouraging to see the Bank of England, the Bank of Japan, and the Federal Reserve all working to raise growth through stimulus primarily focused on the domestic economy. (While Japan’s central bankers would surely be happy to see the yen fall, they’re not, for the moment, following Professor Ben Bernanke’s advice to print yen and buy foreign exchange.

(VIDEO: Watch From Davos: Is Capitalism Failing? A TIME Discussion With the World’s Top Business Leaders) Third, and most importantly, the evidence is mounting that the austerity-led reform programs are not working to help countries exit the crisis. Take a look at Portugal Read more:…

  • The trickle-down approach of capital supported by political and fiscal economic/market agents that in the time of China and rising productivities carries on and accelerated wealth concentration into progressively the very few, in large disadvantage to the middle class in national plan, and less developed economies/markets in global such

 President Obama issued his sharpest warning yet about the German-led solution. He said the focus on long-term political and economic change was well and good, but emphasized that failure to react quickly and strongly enough to market forces threatened the euro’s survival in the coming months Unlike ·…

Lacking such evidence, the obvious conclusion seems to be that economic growth, and employment growth, would have been significantly stronger over the last two years without government cuts. But I’d invite readers to point us to any research that bears on the question, one way or the other.…

  • Short term investment and capitalization by business practices prompted by the high interest rate lending, and the corporate structures business practices of short term profit and distribution
  • Practiced corporate limited liability laws mainly serving large transnational corporations thus giving to these competitive advantages and lowering market security over all

Large corporations can often squelch their competition. They can minimize their costs by dumping waste products into the environment, contributing to pollution and global warming. They can use their profits to buy political influence. If they don’t like the regulatory policies of one nation-state, they can simply shift their operations to another.…

  • Hurting the earth environment short term investment and capitalization business practices, by the high interest rate landing, by the shady business, by the lack of liability and accountability transnational corporations, by the deepening devising between poor and rich people and countries, by the imposed by the developed countries and the international organizations: WB, IMF, WTO austerity and restructuring measures on the less developed and developing economies

Waning Support for Wind and Solar By DIANE CARDWELL Wind and solar companies say they need more government support to be competitive. But in Washington, there’s little enthusiasm for more subsidies.

  • The governments growing inept involvement in finances and business actually making the gap between rich and poor wider

The currency intervention also functions as a massive inequality-creation machine. U.S.-based behemoths, which own or use many of those exporting Chinese factories, benefit, as do their shareholders. And because more than 90 percent of U. S. stocks are owned by the wealthiest 20 percent, the spoils are disproportionately concentrated at the top

  • The bureaucratization of economic/market agents well presented in the European Union VAT and the EU funds for development that prompt corruption, politicization, and injustice

The campaign group says there are 1,212 farm subsidy millionaires across Europe, including 268 in Germany, 174 in France and 29 in Britain. Charities such as the RSPB and corporations such as Nestle are believed to receive more than £1m a year. The Queen qualified for £473,500 in farm aid in 2009 for Sandringham farms.

Economy: Rich Countries’ Farm Subsidies Benefiting Royals by Julio Godoy (Paris)Friday, August 06, 2010 Inter Press Service Subsidies for agriculture in the industrialised countries of the world grew again in 2009, benefiting the largest companies and land owners, such as Prince Albert of Monaco and Queen Elizabeth of Britain.

  • The lack of laws preventing market and commodity exchanges from shady transactions and activities that gives market advantage to the large investors, and greatly hurts the small and medium investors

JPMorgan Sees Clients With Less Than $100K as Unprofitable – By Laura Marcinek – Tue Feb 28 16:54:17 GMT 2012 Enlarge image Jamie Dimon Jamie Dimon, chief executive officer of JPMorgan Chase & Co., center, at the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, Switzerl…

  • Debit/Credit finance accounting, which because of the low economy/market security keeps very tight economic/market development, whereas the transnational corporation are expected to expand business and raise productivities attracted by lower taxes and unregulated labor marked: the transnationals not only raise money on the public market exchanges but also are credited on very low interest rate, however under these new conditions transnationals cannot maintain or expand industrial production any closer to the global markets need of employment

Mr. Fillon “made clear it had not been his intention to call into question the U.K.’s rating but to highlight that ratings agencies appeared more focused on economic governance than deficit levels,” Mr. Clegg’s office said.

  • The pro-supply a priory economics cannot maintain balanced market demand-to-supply under this new emerging markets environment

The economists that I spoke to estimated that China’s currency policy has cost the U.S. between 200,000 and 3 million jobs. Of course, the wide range suggests that these are little more than educated guesses. But a broad picture does emerge. U.S. manufacturing employment has fallen by around 6 million over the last decade. If China had allowed its currency to adjust naturally, life might be much b

by Joshua Konov, 2012


Association For Heterodox Economics 17th Annual Conference 2-4 of July,2015 Presentation by Joshua Konov


State and Private Debt of Market Economics

In recent economics debt is in the foundations of business and equity – state debt limits governments’ expenses, social, educational, infrastructure, policies and international relations – private debt limits individuals’ expenditures, abilities to access better education, housing, and etc; however, ‘credit’ that could fall into ‘debt’ is a main market tool giving governments and individuals the abilities to expand infrastructure, business, equity, and etc using capital, which could not be approachable but by through crediting. The difference between ‘credit’ and ‘debt’ is in the momentum – whereas ‘credit’ is targeted investment considered in motion, a ‘debt’ is a negative after deficiency market imbalance. The distinction between working ‘credit’ and accumulating ‘debt’ is a thin line that could be crossed by global recessions, works of nature, or political turbulence. Between ‘credit’ and ‘debit’ comes public financing – in case the ‘risk’ is taken partially by the investors thus limiting the issuers (could be governments or corporations) liability; however, in cases like “Bond holders against Argentina”,

CAMBRIDGE – Argentina and its bankers have been barred from making payments to fulfill debt-restructuring agreements reached with the country’s creditors, unless the 7% of creditors who rejected the agreements are paid in full – a judgment that is likely to stick, now that the US Supreme Court has upheld it. Read more at

or “IMF, ECB, Germany and other lenders against Greece” bonds are capitalized into loans and the governments of Argentina and Greece are required to pay these in full.

There are many historical occasions when ‘debt’ on countries level was forgiven or let it die in time:

The revolutionary war setup the United States’ new monetary system – all partially causal to the austerity measures and trade restrictions on the Colonies implemented by the Minister George Grenville – by year 1763 Britain’s national debt had risen to £122 million, or over 150 percent of the Gross Domestic Product that prompted strict austerity and trade restrictive policies:

“Grenville passed the Currency Act of 1764, which forbade the colonies to emit any new currency. Finally, in 1765, Grenville ushered the American Stamp Act through the House of Commons, a measure that was designed in part to restrict the colonial land market.” se 1776: The Revolt Against Austerity”

Germany after the Second World War  and Poland after the fall of Communism are the best example of such …

Yet debt forgiveness has an established historical precedent in Europe. Poland, for example, had accrued external debts of about 57% of GDP by the time the Communist system had collapsed, with the majority of that debt (around $33 billion) being owed to Western governments. Poland’s largest creditor at the time was Germany, which reluctantly agreed in 1991 (under pressure from the United States) to go along with the “Paris Club” of creditor nations and forgive half of Poland’s debt to the West (though this was less than the 80% write-off Poland had originally been seeking). An even more dramatic example is provided by Germany itself. Historically, Germany has been described as the biggest “debt transgressor” of the 20th Century, with restructurings in 1924, 1929, 1932 and 1953. Total debt forgiveness for Germany between 1947 and 1953 amounted to somewhere in the region of 280% of GDP, according to economic historian Albrecht Ritschl of the London School of Economics. Today, Greece has an external debt-to-GDP ratio of roughly 175% (by comparison, Germany’s external debts currently stand at about 145% of GDP).

On individuals or corporate level ‘debt’ has been washed out by bankruptcy procedures – in the US bankruptcy courts are much speedier and over all easier than these in the EU, that some economists consider a main reason for the better way US economy has performed in post 2007-9 Recession times. By giving debtors a second chance bankruptcy courts play some fundamental role in taking individuals and businesses out of the big hole of debt into the market opportunities, thus boosting business and consumption.

The most unorthodox economic approaches to flood capital into underperforming markets is the used by the US, UK, Japan and now EU central banks so called ‘quantitative easing’, while instead of borrowing publicly or privately capital to revive their economies these central banks ‘produced’ such capital from ‘thin air’ into the system. The ‘status quo’ economics predicts that additional capital – such not product of an economy market activities (debit/credit) – would prompt inflation; however, no inflations but deflations have occurred in the post recession times? Neither, the huge debt accumulations by Japan, the US, many EU countries, and others have prompted inflations either! Thus, neither the quantitative easing nor the huge debt has yet created sweeping inflationary forces. In context with the ‘status quo’ economics are the ways government accounting is done by not properly deducting QE from the overall debt even so the capital infusion by QE writes off debt by acquiring issued bonds? In referring to inflationary forces or the lock of it for the last 20 plus years the ongoing Globalization, rising Productivity, China’s Industrialization, and the Internet could be considered causing the increasing exogenous economic pressures over national economies indicated in by their deficit adding to their debt.

The world is crippled by too much debt. The borrowings of global households, governments, companies and financial firms have risen from 246% of GDP in 2000 to 286% today. Since the financial crisis began in 2007, debt-to-GDP has risen in 41 of 47 big economies. For every extra dollar of output, the world cranks out more than a dollar of debt. The Economist explains why the world is addicted to debt

As simple as things may look like the results of this system of economics not being able to accommodate these exogenous forces cause fundamental global market imbalances – unemployment, declining middle class, small business and investment, and accumulation of high national debt.[1]

Market Economics employs exogenous market forces and thus capitalize on the 21th Century irreversible developments by not only enhancing the international accounting but further by employing the immense powers these exogenous forces posses to boosting national and global Market Development through alleviation of poverty and environmental Earth protection.

The countries debts are considered by Market Economics as the present corporate and individual debts involving bankruptcy, mitigations, negotiations, and etc; whereas investors take their reward and risk; however, Foreign Direct Investment and Productivity are not considered primary force for global development but supplementary such, because the more important consideration such as Earth protection requires poverty alleviation by not prompting mass industrialization.

The Capitalism uses foreign direct investment by transnational corporations to raise productivity and bring return on this investment that could be only achieved through industrialization, and the global accounting system is setup on these principles;

The Marketism uses subsidies, low interest financing, and etc along with foreign direct investment to prompt environmentally friendly Market Development that will alleviate global poverty and thus save Earth from destruction using market principles and saving individual freedoms.   Joshua Konov 2015 [1]

Parameters – Market Agents and Tools – of Market Economics

Market Economics uses environmentally friendly approaches to steer business and employment of a democratic societies that consequences into poverty alleviation and middle class growth on a global scale. It is founded of the existing principles of the Capitalism, however, it changes the shady ‘easy’ business into strict law of business to deleverage the inequality of market competition to raise ‘market security’ and the small businesses and investors lend-ability that differs from the currently economics.

If Market Economics accepts ‘uncertainty’ as an ongoing and growing market (economic) development – product of the ongoing exogenous for individual markets (economies) forces coming from the ongoing Globalization, rising Productivity, Chinese Industrialization, and the Internet – to manage such ‘uncertainty’ an ‘as it comes; as it goes’ approach is needed that could be only achieved if market (economic) tools are used as ‘parameters’ to prevent the global marketplace from exasperations that could bring upheaval.

The ‘market agents’ are status quo necessities required for raising the ‘market security’ by marginalizing the existing inequality in current market competition – how ‘small and medium businesses and investors’ are affected by the business laws and conditions in comparison to the ‘large businesses and investors’. For the ‘market economics’ to enhance ‘capital transmission-ability’ and thus boost business activities – employment and fiscal abilities – the acceptance of more fair ‘market agents’ is paramount: enhanced business, liability, contract, environmental, consumer protection, bankruptcy, insurance, bonding, and labor laws will raise ‘market security’ allowing lower rates of lending.

However, the ‘market tools’ are used as ‘parameters’ to balance market equilibriums in synchrony with the ongoing deflation/inflation forces in the real economy – flexible capital infusion through FDI but also through Subsidies, Low Interest Lending using ‘market leaps’ mostly by developing alternative: energies, tourism, and farming should go global. Social, educational, research and development, and infrastructural expenses, prevailing wages, and etc are also such ‘market tools’,

To save Earth the alleviation of poverty is necessary; however, achieving it not through the industrialization of the present Capitalism but through targeted ‘leaps’ of diverse environmentally friendly businesses of the Marketism (Market Economics).

The Marketism will work under high ‘market security’ with enhanced ‘market agents’ whereas the ‘market tools’ are used indiscriminately in comparison to the ideological approaches or current budgetary economics – the debt issues will resemble the individuals/businesses system of lender/debtor approach in which governments and countries will have less intrusion in economics being more on the controlling side than on the capital transmission such – Commercial Banks and International Financial Institutions will approach directly markets thus reducing corruption and politically motivated investment of the Presence.

The ‘parameters’ are flexible in nature: some on the supply side such as targeted subsidies and low interest business financing another on the demand side such as social, infrastructural, educational, prevailing wages, and etc expenses. Balancing ‘market equilibrium’ because of increasingly relevant exogenous market forces will be targeted through market sectors ‘parts equilibrium’ than the currently used ‘general market equilibrium’ – thus monetary policies will not work by varying discount interest rates of the Central Banks but by expanding or reducing individual market sectors lending rates and/or fiscal initiatives. If markets are taken as ‘demand to supply’ (not to be mistaken with ‘supply to demand’) places for business competition the long-term ‘market development’ depends on the relative ‘stable’ market environment that is only possible by mitigating the excessive market/economic fluctuations through using the ‘parameters’ to prevent ‘big waves’ of excessiveness – the market forces on sectored/partial level – natural to the market competition are the best ways for keeping ‘marketing equilibrium’; however, the fierce variations experienced in the last 2007-9 Recession lesson goes to active usage of these ‘parameters’ to prevent such harmful consequences of a ‘as it comes; as it goes’ economics.

Joshua Konov 2015

Bankruptcy in Market Economics

There are well-substantiated suggestions that the difference in the bankruptcy procedures between the US and the EU has given the US an upper hand while dealing with the 2007-9 Great Recession and the Post-Recession tremendous economic issues. By giving individuals and businesses a second chance in relatively short procedures the US Bankruptcy Courts have helped jump starting the economy, whereas their EU counterparts followed much lengthier and complacent largely ineffective practices – the divisions among countries and even regions in the EU, in their economic achievements and jurisprudence apprehension have taken an additional toll to prolonging bankruptcy procedures; however, the difference in the way bankruptcy has been processed in the US and in the EU is just one of the issues that have brought to substantial divergence in economic growth between the two – the insistence by the EU on the trickle-down economics of austerity, the redistribution of wealth from the have and to the have not: through VAT, monetary and fiscal means, subsidies and programs targeting mostly large businesses, the overall reliance on the large corporations and investors – the so called FDI – to boost productivity and growth, the growing nationalism, xenophobia, and the pressure on the national governments to comply through pay backs boosting corruption are just some of it. However, this article will concentrate on the ‘bankruptcy’ and how it is considered by the Market Economics as a ‘tool’ of economics.

Just for reminding – the Market Economics is an ‘as it comes; as it goes’ approach in economics that uses market ‘tools’ as parameter to steer up or slow down market forces under the circumstances– it is not so much a ‘budgetary’ economics as it is ‘inflationary/deflationary’ adjusted to system. What brought Market Economics as possibility was the tipped off over all industrial capability by the ongoing Globalization and rising Productivity, the Chinas Industrialization and the Internet; the Market Economics is necessary to deal with the needed Environmental Protection and related Poverty Alleviation not relying on an industrialization of the Capitalism, and therefore not relying on the Large Transnational Corporation and Investors or the so called FDI to boost productivity and economic growth. The deleveraging of market structures to marginalize current economy’s market advances to the large corporations and investors is a postulate to raise the market security – and thus the Small Businesses and Investors lend-ability. Fundamental, for this approach, is the exogenous economic forces consequential to the ongoing Globalization and rising Productivity.

Market ‘agents’ and ‘tools’ to succeed market security vary from the enhanced business, insurance, environmental, consumer protection laws to the prevailing wages, labor laws, to market ‘quantum’ leaps through investment, subsidies, and low interest rate – all pinned to inflation/deflation.

The idea is by enhancing market security the global economy would allow small businesses and investors through natural to the markets means.

Market Economics changes the ideas about what a global marketplace should look like – whereas Environmental Protection Laws are paramount – but such to be succeeded in a world, deepening in poverty, an alleviation of such poverty on a global scale must be accomplished!

A ‘bankruptcy’ is a ‘tool’ of economics such as ‘infrastructure’ and ‘social expenses’ are – just a balance market tool on the demand side of the occasion, and therefore, the laws of market economics and the possible balances between the demand and the supply sides apply to the quantities of bankruptcies’ market tool used without provoking inflation/deflation that can hurt an economy – it is all about market equilibrium that could be achieved by using FDI or/and targeted subsidies, low interest rate lending, etc through gradual and/or market leaps approaches. Alike ‘social and infrastructural expenses’ that could be expanded to a point when these start hurting the market economy by prompting excessive inflation/deflation ‘bankruptcies’ even needed to keep market equilibrium may easy rise up into excessiveness – that must be sustained accordingly!

Joshua Konov 2015

The EU Mixing True and Fiction in Dealing With Greece

The European Union authorities and the media are constantly talking about reduction of Greece’s debt whereas it is about the turnaround of the Germany’s insisted austerity policies that have wracked the EU ever since the 2007-9 Recession. An approach of ‘bagger your neighbor’ by keep cutting social services, education, medical, and any governmental expenses – the theory goes: ‘when a market gets indebted by cutting expenses and regulations such market becomes attractive to foreign direct investment with its low salaries, desperate work force under high unemployment, low social expenses, cheep prices privatized assets, etc idyllic conditions for the large investors and transnational corporations to move in raise productivity and get such market becoming competitive and sound’; however, that was suppose to happen, instead – the unemployment reached heights unknown, the consumption plummeted without attracting major investment or rising productivity – in reality, the whole theory that is founded by neo-liberalism collapsed prolonging slow if no growth in-and-out of recession business environment followed by rising National Dept as a percentage of an ever declining GDP – it has become a ‘catch 22’.

The Brussels bureaucrats and the Berlin masters instead of sitting down in comprehensive evaluation of these realities has continued to call their mantras until Greece elected a totally different and not controlled by them government who called for change.

Seemingly, the Greece’s insufficiencies in administration and business environment did – in the past – cause substantial debt, the EU actions targeted reducing the existing administration and improving business to overcome these insufficiencies; in practice, nothing good came out of the austerity measures but misery, unemployment, lack of development, so obviously the reasons for these insufficiencies were not the one evaluated by the ideologically inclined Brussels and Berlin, or at least the actions requested were not the right one to change the existing pattern, you should recognize them by the results: higher unemployment, increasing Debt to GDP ratio, and total economic collapse of the Greek market equilibrium and development.

What went wrong and why the liberalism did not perform? One sentence: – the exogenous pressure were not accounted for and taken in consideration – the Globalization and rising Productivity have brought pressures in manufacturing, employment, technologies changing the pro-supply market growth of the Capitalism that could have been positively affected by the Austerity into a pro-demand (pro-market equilibrium) market development of the 21st Century in which inflationary forces change with deflationary, exogenous factors take larger percentage from economies/markets, and the Economics must change to accommodate these changes in order to perform, the Liberalism has not done it and therefore the results are negative. Greece is a best example of these new developments: the high debt and unemployment, and lack of growth will persist unless new approaches are used to take the Greek as well entire EU. 20150214_gdc778.0 Joshua Konov, 2015

Market Leap of ‘As It Comes; As It Goes’ Market Economics

Market leaps are necessary to achieve Market Development on a Globalized Marketplace.

The difference between the passive currently used Economics and the proactive Market Economics is in the approach to prompt Market Development id Economic Growth; whereas, the formal one uses Investment (mostly private) and Productivity preferably under shady business practices and lower taxation to prompt Economic Growth; the Market Economics uses targeted financing through investment, subsidies, low interest lending, and other market tools for a pre-programmed approach (Market Leap) to prompt Market Development.

The ‘J Factor’ indicates the level of sufficiency of the market transmission-ability of Capital. It varies in conjunction with the functionality of an economy/market. The Rule of Law in Business, the Infrastructure, the Social Structure are the objectives for the ‘J Factor’; however, the ongoing Globalization and rising Productivity provide higher flexibility to have economies/markets enhance their ‘J Factor’ by the implementation of the following Market Agents:

The inadequate infrastructure and social structures play important role to higher ‘J Factor’; however, the implementation of the appointed ‘Agents’ gives over ‘0’ – ‘J Factor’. Artificial Market Tools as Subsidies and Low Lending boost such undeveloped markets through targeted investment. Through a ‘Market Leap’ using Quantum Probabilities Theory to project and limit inflation/deflation effect a Market Development is achieved; however, with the improvement of the Infrastructure and social structures in a longer-term development the ‘J Factor’ comes substantially higher. Undeveloped markets with corruption, weak banking, and lack of infrastructure and social structures are considered impossible for exogenous interference; however, the globalization allowed large retailers, manufacturers, and banks to open outlets almost elsewhere – with the few exceptions of North Korea, Cuba, and the war zones. The exogenous Market Leap can be financed and controlled through the commercial banks; the government should be required to implement the Market Agents.

The Projects of Alternative Energies, Tourism, Farming, and Technologies should be the motors for Market Development; so, Market Leaps should be the Market Tool for succeeding it. The world cannot afford any more deforestation, exploitation of old cars, and fossil fuels heating resulted of the poverty driven markets/economies.

A ‘J Factor’ could vary from ‘-2 to 0 to +2’. Such J Factor is a multiplier to the invested capital; whereas, a market performs causal to its pre and projected level of development could bring straight return on the invested capital, along with some ‘Equity” built up of a long-term Market Development. Thus seasoned ‘Equity’ is to improve these markets’ standard of living, prompt environmentally friendly development, and eradicate poverty. The Market Economics uses Quantum Factors to provide “J Factors’ for different markets: first, to show their transmission-ability and return on invested capital along with added market ‘Equity’, and, second, to prevent from harmful inflation/deflation sparks.

The J Factor performs in its best while a market runs from 2% Deflation to 2% Inflation; however, such precondition is optional and is mostly advancing to a straight return on investment, and not that much to a long-term Market Development, which would advance independently as long the pointed Market Agents are implemented in a market/economy (such independent – not connected to the Inflation/Deflation Market Development depend from the size of such market/economy as well of the size of the targeted Market Leap. In such a case, the expectations would be for more volatile return rising with the increasing Inflation/Deflation market environment.

In relation to the ‘J Factor’ a market/economy could need pro-demand market (when the globalization is well presented), a combination of pro demand and supply, or a pro-supply leaps; therefore, the planning of a market leap is specific for individual markets.

Pro demand Market Tools:

  • Fiscal Expenses
  • Investment
  • Low Interest Lending
  • Monetary Subsidies
  • Insurance Expenses
  • Social Expenses
  • Infrastructural Expenses
  • Educational Expenses

Pro supply Market Tools:

  • Fiscal Breaks
  • Investment
  • Subsidies
  • Sectional Inflation/Deflation Interest Rates
  •      Lending Rates
  • Borrowing Rates
  •      Prevailing Wages
  •      Bonding on Market Prices
  •     Access to Public Financing

A Market Leap is the approach to boost business activities through subsidizing, low interest lending, or investing will differ because of the ‘J Factors” levels for individual markets. The industrialization belonging to the supply side of individual markets is not considered possible Market Leaps, because as stated in many places of this research, the global industrial production capability has tipped-off as a result of already succeeded by the Transnational Corporations and China capacities, which will benefit substantially from other markets increase of demand.

Example 1 for a Demand based Market Leap:

Undeveloped Market A (could be a country or underdeveloped markets ex. Detroit) in which 60% of the heaters are on fossil fuels, 80% private and commercial residences not-insulated (walls, windows, doors, etc.) resulted in very high pollution.

Low-income results to low consumption:

GPI 5,000 USD per person

GDP 10,000 USD

Residential Occupied Properties: $3 Million

Commercial: $1.5 Million

High energy consumption and on fossil fuels 2,000,000 Residential 1,000,000 Commercial

Inflation 1%

Required by the Environmental Protection Laws improving to standard properties.

To Improve Properties to low energy consumption with non-fossil heating per Item $20,000 US total $60 billion US:

  1. Market Agents implemented.
  2. Market Tools used:
  • Fiscal Expenses – 0 Taxes on Non-commercial Houses for 5 Year
  • Investment – 20% (Commercial properties related) – $12b US
  • Low (1-2%) Interest Lending – 40% – $24b US
  • Monetary Subsidies – $24b US – IMF
  • Insurance Expenses – $2b US – Gov
  • Apprenticeships – $1b US – Gov
  • Prevailing Wages plus Materials 95% from Total or $6b US
  • Local Employment Preferential and Market Related
  • Financing and Financial Control: Lending and Subsidies thru Commercial Banks
  • Social Expenses– N/A
  • Infrastructural Expenses – N/A
  • Educational Expenses – N/A

‘Equity” (on paper) built non-seasoned $50b US, seasoned equals Total (minus 20% on Loans) plus ‘J Factor” – example 0.50% – $25b US ($18b US Commercial with ROI $6b US in ‘Equity’). Overall seasoned ‘Equity’ gained by the market – $75b US.

Paid for Construction Employment – about $27.5b US or $9,500 US per Unit.

Paid for Equipment and Materials – about $27.5b US or $9,500 US per Unit

Pollution from heating and waist of energy after Market Leap NONE.

Joshua Ioji Konov, 2014

Joshua’s Third Law of Market Economics

If the capabilities of the Market Economics are not explored and used globally under enforced Environmental Protection Laws and the rest ‘J Factor’ Laws & Practices the Earth’s Environment is to deteriorate and the inequality is to rise to the points of no return bringing Environmental Destruction and Global Social Unrest”.

This Third Law is consequential to the First and Second Laws and conclusive of the market imbalances that overwhelmed the global market with the 2007-9 Recession, the sluggish recoveries, the rising inequality between rich end poor: countries and individuals., the growing radicalization, discrimination and social impatiens.

Why inaction is considered futile? – Answers come to:

  1. The Globalization and rising Productivity diminishes the adequacy of the pro-supply Capitalism to manage long-term economic growth, as done in the Past.
  2. The Internet and other communications bring to the world open communications and information.
  3. And not the least, the Global worming caused by pollution and underdevelopment calls for immediate action for eradicating poverty that makes people destroy natural recourses as woods, drive old vehicles, dispose garbage elsewhere, and alternative energies inaccessible.

Joshua Ioji Konov,2014

Joshua’s Second Law of Market Economics

“If ‘the House is painted’ and ‘the Painter employed’ in limited Inflation/Deflation and higher than Zero ‘J Factor”s market environment: the market Entropy is boosted and Equity is built; therefore, thus Invested Capital/Subsidies/Low Rate Lending prompts Market Development”.

There are a few ways to finance Demand:

  • Investment
  • Low Rate Lending
  • Fiscal Initiatives
  • Subsidies
  • Social (Including Social Security, Pensions, Education, Unemployment Benefits, etc.) Expenses
  • Infrastructural Expenses

Whereas, the returns vary from straight return on the Investment to built in the market equity; the higher Market Security lowers lending rates and the return on the invested capital. The Monetary Policies on lending, Environmental Protection Laws, Consumer Protection Laws, Business Contracting Laws, Intellectual Property Laws, Personal Corporate Liability, and the Insurance & Bonding Laws guarantee Environmental Protection and proper Business Practices therefore higher than zero ‘J Factor’.

Market Economy under Market Development works mostly in low interest rate monetary environment.

Any ascend of Market Development increases Consumption, lowers Unemployment, and replenish Fiscal Reserves; it is Seasoned Entropy and Equity’s Growth.

The Invested Capital goes through ‘the House’ to ‘the Painter’ in materials, equipment, and proceeds; it adds to the market value and requires more goods, services, education, and improved infrastructure; it gives opportunities for development of many economies now undeveloped and impoverished. Current globalized marketplace and ever-rising productivity has the manufacturing and organizational potentials to offset excessive inflation/deflation in a way never experienced in history that made possible the Second Law of Market Economics.

Joshua Ioji Konov, 2014


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