Governing in Market Economics


The theory of Orthodox Economics makes government either accomplices to shady business environment as per pure Capitalism or an alternative employer, business incubator as per Social Capitalism taking some of the functions of an economic competition. The self-adjusting theory is suppose to help reduce redundancies from the business and governments alike with its final target more competitive overall economy that establish the right conditions: less debt, less bureaucracy, less expenses on government spending to boost investment, business, productivity that finally had proven through centuries to improve living standard, economic power, growth. That’s how the theory goes: a pro-supply economy needs easy business environment to make startups easy, private entrepreneurs supported by trickle down capital would create enough business to employ, improve infrastructure, stabilize fiscal reserves, then ensure some social expenses, pensions, basic education. When an economy goes into down turn, the government expenditures, regulation, employment must be reduced, as mentioned before, to kicks off investment, business, productivity; thus it goes on and on. The dialectic spiralis of such economics should go upward with short downslopes of self-adjusting. 

The right role of a government and the International Finance Institutions in a Market Economics should be an ‘invisible hand’ along with investors: national or foreign; the principles of how a market/economy is organized compiles of Market Agents: strict laws in business, unlimited corporate liability, enhanced and strict environmental, consumer protection, labor, insurance, bonding laws – laws that will create market conditions for competition, boost business activities, increase demand, alleviate poverty, establish middle class; why in the developed markets the governments are the ‘invisible hand’ to succeed Market Development in the poorly organized countries lacking capital the International Finance Institutions through Commercial Banks, Transnational Corporations must target environmentally friendly market developments by separating economics, economies from politics; thus corruption, disorganization, mismanagement do not overrun targeted Market Leaps as it has been experienced. Economic policies must be separated from politics by requiring the implementation of the Market Agents into the market, economies structure: the Rule of Laws in Business! Market Economics in its fundamentals is full implemented Market Agents that raise its Market Security: lend-ability, marginalized advantages of the Big Business and Investors to the Small to Medium Businesses and Investors, marginalizing the advantages most developed markets, countries, economies hold to the developing, underdeveloped, undeveloped markets, countries, economies. However, the big businesses, investors, the most developed markets would play substantial role in the process of market development that will benefit them substantially giving to them even further boost as manufacturing, market, educational, technological, Internet hubs. 

What the Market Economics does is kicking off environmentally friendly business,  employment, consumption, demand, alleviation of poverty by using the globalization and rising productivity to offset inflationary forces. 

To succeed Market Development the market agents are implemented as a compulsory but the market tools are used on an ‘as it comes; as it goes’ approach: used flexibly in synchrony with  the individual market specifications; the Market Tools are the Quantitative Easing, Market Leaps, targeted Subsidies, low interest Lending, Fiscal, Monetary Policies, International and National Investment, Social (including education, pensions, social security, Medicare) and Infrastructural Expenses. The major difference between Market Economics and the Orthodox Economics is the in the usage of such Market Tools not based on political ideas but on purely economic, data, situation. (as an example: if  a market, economy needs to be balanced by expanding Social Expenses, Fiscal, Monetary means to boost consumption, demand the Social Tool as a Market Tool must be used indiscriminately, the other way around goes the same: if the Social Expenses boost inflation counter measures may include not further expanding such, or even reducing some).

Market Economics is using the most enhanced developments in economics, the globalization, the rising productivity to boost business, employment, fiscal reserves in the individual markets, countries through using Market Tools pinned to the Inflation/Deflation variances. Whereas, the Orthodox Economics bases economic growth purely on budget, investment, productivity, self-adjusting approaches pinned to Debt/Deficit. What makes Market Economic possible are the mostly exogenous forces of the Globalization and rising Productivity that offset Inflationary forces; the Market Economics is artificially adjusted on Macroeconomic level, and self-adjusting on Microeconomic level. How is it possible to split Macro and Micro economic levels is by implementing the Market Agents that create unifying market condition for working economics – micro market level independency, competition, self-adjusting. The Market Tools are to be used as parameters in a very complex market environment to either boost business activities on a sectors based approach. The Game Theory may not work in such situations because of the high complexity exogenous forces prompted by the globalization and rising productivity. 

The necessity to find new approaches in economics to handle the 21st Century economy is aggregated by the weighing Global Warming that requires immediate action to protect Earth Environment – the EU most developed countries, China, the US and a few other like Morocco have taken actions to clean environment by using more and more green energies, however, the most polluted cities, countries are not the most developed once but those using old vehicles, mass fossil fuels, wood for heating, the improperly disposed garbage The sources of current pollution lays into widespread poverty, underdevelopment; thus the only conceivable way to reduce, eliminate it goes through the poverty alleviation by not using uncontrolled industrialization, even though by using the improving technologies the widespread industrialization is not probable at all, the robotization, the improving corporate organization, the over all high productivity reduce any possibility for such; however, the shady business laws, the corrupted governments, the need for employment opens the doors for any possible pollution in these developing markets, countries. From any prospective the Earth protection and cleaning is paramount therefore the Market Economics take Environmental Protection, Poverty Alleviation as targets overwriting budgetary constrains – Debt, Deficit, the lack of Capital must not stop Market Economics from actively pushing Market Development so the Global Poverty is alleviated thus the Earth Environmental Protection is accomplished. But these developments are implemented through market competition, preserving individual freedoms, relying on private enterprises not on the governments take over. 

The most developed economies will have to expand Social and Infrastructural expanses much further than it has been accepted to keep market balance in tact: the accelerated business activity are the only alternative to it, and such must be targeted by Stimulus, Lending, Fiscal, Monetary sectoral policies; the Quantitative Easing to become a supportive tools to supply the needed capital; what comes first is not the Capital but the Development, employment, business activities; the Inflation is only indicator that must be taken to limit or expand the active market tools.

Debt, Deficit is the ruling Orthodox Economics indicator – Inflation, Deflation is the ruling Market Economics indicator!

The Investment, Capital is becoming less secure more like current Stock Exchanges, even though the Market Risk is very much limited by the high Market Security succeeded by the implementation of the Market Agents. In the overall market development the volatility on a macro level could be only adjusted by using the Market Tools one way or another as Parameters. The value of investment, capital is not to change the idea that only investment, capital means growth, development must change, however, because the unorthodox tools of accelerating market development such as quantitative easing, SDR, stimulus do not rely on investment, capital only. The unorthodox market tools are necessary to boost enough business, employment, social expenses to succeed alleviation of poverty, consistent market development. 

The International Accounting System has to accommodate all orthodox and unorthodox market tools moving to an Accrual Accounting – the investment, capital, capitalization must be taken in their relation to Market Development, and it must be done Globally. Private Investment, Capital brings Return on Investment that comes with the risk; it should be no such thing as protected by the governments, International Finance Institutions investment whereas they pursue borrowers, impose sanctions, require austerity measures – the role of the governments, international finance institutions is to ensure the Market Agents are fully implemented, and all participants play by its rules that are very simple: the Rule of Law in Business. 

Joshua Ioji Konov 2017

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Why It Is That Difficult to Change Economics?


 

The system Economics has evolved in time into Game Theories based on data mining; conceptions founded, many times, on idiosyncratic endogenous principle conclusions. Mathematics has been used to backup these conclusions: formulas taken as status quo in time. The over all philosophy of the orthodox economics accepts straggle to survival as bringing in individuals, markets the vivid powers to invent, innovate, create, organize, adjust to the changing economic conditions; when exaggerations, redundancies, inefficiencies compile a adjustment, recession occurs that could be self-adjusted by individuals, companies, institutions to a point when a new fun off can start; thus, spinally the economic pressures increase productivity, sufficiency the standard of living, better conditions of infrastructure, education, better life for the many. A minimum unemployment rate needed to carry on enough eagerness for the labor to support the demand for employment, labor without prompting inflation as if the unemployment goes under the % so the labor market is disrupted then high wages are required that boost inflation, high prices and limit businesses ability to increase productivity, production, keep competitive internationally in the US it means interstate, too.

The orthodox economics has evolved into game theories when in time varieties of factors, indicators appear that obviously invoked the need to use probabilities but still in an idiosyncratic, close system. Even though the game theories give certain wider spectrum of data and using that data, the overall scheme of certainty was retained: the principles of debt, investment limits, productivity have never been overwritten or taken in different but the developed trickle-down economics. From the pure Capitalism of the wild wild west to the Social Capitalism of some European Countries, to the Communism of the post communist block economies the system of spinally self-adjusting economic growth – recession – growth has been the status quo – the orthodox economics of the 20th Century. The Keynesians added more monetary through governmental intervention counter cyclical measures to shorten recessions, even accelerate business activities. Same of the game theories added to that by targeting different economic sectors to boost further business. However, the status quo of debt, investment, productivity has been retained and any substitute was considered be done by expanding the governmental role in business activities: the two opposite right to left either asking for less or more governmental intervention, and explaining economic developments by such economic interference; blaming one another for all the gloom and bust.

Actually, the leftists and the rightists of the present are both correct the economy in the developed and with few exceptions in the developing countries is grossly under-performing: debt, inequality, un and under employment, insecurity, diminishing middle class and rising poverty are spreading as a plague. But, when the pure Capitalism approach has been used it did not affect these developments neither prevented it – such as the 2007-9 recession that enveloped the globe, neither the Social Capitalism, not the least the Communism have done it, the Soviet Block disintegrated, the European Union is in a process of disintegration: the Brexit, Italian referendum, Hungary, Romania are good example of what have been the consequences to not working economies. The globalization and the rising Productivity of the 21st Century have changed the pro-supply economic pressers of the past to pro-demand, asking for equilibrium forces of the presence. China’s Industrialization, the Internet have aggregated these new conditions actually started and worked out by the Transnational corporations, the improving Technologies, the hugely accumulated Capital that exploited these new conditions to move, outsourced, expended industrial production, financial services, retail, wholesale, farming, services. The global marketplace has become overtaken by these forces to change the pro-supply economic prevailing force to the pro-demand, pro-equilibrium required such. The economies changed into markets; the economics must change into market economics to apprehend these new developments, but it did not happen: ideologies, status quo, politics have prevented the science of economics to evolve into market economics. That has brought the economic slam elsewhere but China who accommodated an ‘as it comes; as it goes’ economics that worked out the 2007-9 recession and post recession global slow down and instead took out of poverty 600 Million people, and maintained high economic growth.

The China example has not prompted the western politicians, economist to start figuring out what really has happened to adjust and adopt the orthodox economics, but in the opposite, it made them become hardliners insisting that these new developments are temporarily, or a result of not imposing even further austerity, debt restrictions, shady business environment.

The 21st Century calls for flexible market economics that will ensure less inequality, full employment, Earth’s environment protection, open global marketplace, however individual markets developing such flexible policies that can manage consistent market development, alleviation of poverty, saving of the personal freedoms and the democracy for all.

Joshua Ioji Konov 2017

The Most Recent Developments in The Global Economy


With the coming of President Trump in power and with the Brexit, the world is coming to a point of excessive Nationalism, politicizing of Economic, widespread fear of ‘the others’, ‘the different’. The old smooth liberal order is becoming a thing of the past with its nice words, rising GDP, falling Unemployment indicators that by themselves did not include the majority of citizens in the US or other developed countries and even less in the developing world: elsewhere, rising inequality, debt, poverty, lack of business and employment all together bringing an widespread belligerence toward the normal people. Why the politicians have been applauding the ‘incredible’ economic growth and decreasing unemployment of a glorious globalization with IPhone, cheap computers, stores full with goods, professing prosperity; the many, if not the majority were actually out of the loop into a circle of everyday difficulties. In the US, UK, EU, Japan and  the developing world, maybe with the exception of China, Norway, UAE, and a few, the already succeeded economic, political structures have been out casting more and more individuals from the economic competition, calling them ‘left over’ the prosperous global marketplace.

What the current establishments do not understand is that the system does not work thus steering mass harm that is not just a collateral damage of the ‘left over’ by the globalization less educated or adaptable individuals, but a mass breakup of the global economies not being able to provide basic conditions for the many to exist normally: that brings excessiveness: nationalism, xenophobia, radicalization have become natural consequences under these conditions. To expect any natural developments that will change these developments under the trickle down orthodox economics is futile; to expect mass rising productivity, industrialization, countries balancing budgets by providing ‘adequate’ conditions for investment by cutting consumer, labor protection is inconsistent with the reality: the ongoing globalization, the rising productivity, technologies, the Internet, the large transnational corporations in manufacturing, finance, retail, wholesale, farming most definitely cannot and do not provide conditions for such muss industrialization and individual countries improvement. The developed countries are losing their middle class the developing with a few exceptions are not building such middle class: poverty, inequality, debt are the result of  such not working economics.

The European Union are the best example of how the orthodox economics is not working whatsoever!

The 2001 & 2007 Recessions were provoked by these new economic developments, too The severity particularly of 2007-9 Recession that affected the entire world economy in some ways, continued for long period, and could has not fully recover, or has recovered very weak could taken as a warning to how ineffective orthodox economics is to prevent, self-adjust, post-recover the destructive forces of the globalization and the rising productivity, of the exogenous forces in a economics of closed economies. The issues of such 21st Century economics has become so complex that by using the orthodox economics methodology is completely incomprehensive.

The 2001 & 2007 Recessions have additionally accelerated the processes prompted by the 21st Century the globalization and rising productivity to the point of unseen inequality, debt: national and private, poverty, global pollution. The increasingly high productional capacities by the transnationals, China, the fluent sales on the Internet the improving technologies, robotization reduce the industrial related employment that has always been in the foundations of the Capitalism so when these factors changed the trickle-down economics became irrelevant, not working; thus, the recessions of the Past that could had been self-adjusting have become extreme, not rulable, impossible to handle by using this orthodox philosophy. The world has changed for the last 20+ years to a point when the orthodox economic tools must have to evolve too. So, the Quantitative Easing, the Subsidies, the targeted Investment, the bailing outs, even the Social and Infrastructural expenses have become necessary market (to replace economic, economics and market (to replace an economy) tools to be used on a ‘as it comes; as it goes; approach. In the West these new market tools have been used under the pressures of an oncoming crush prevention; whereas, in China such innovative approach has been well developed and used resulting in the higher growth, market development not being so much affected by the recessions; even though, the Chinese political structures lacked the freedom and liberties of the West; the better market economics worked its ways to have China advanced to their competitors.

The Earth Environment issue has become a matter of life or dead to the entire world requiring immediate actions by all countries, but the poverty driven usage of old vehicles, fossil fuel heating, deforestation for heating or agricultural development, the improper garbage disposal have had replaced the industrial production pollution as man pollution: as the developed economies are taking measures to reduce such pollution why the developing, impoverished cannot change without alleviation of poverty, change of the entire system of economics.

So, all of the mentioned and much more was not brings the conclusions that a innovative, market oriented economics must be developed to accommodate all the new global developments to 1. save Earth from destruction by alleviating poverty, and through using environmentally friendly technologies, and 2, establish longer term market developments by using private entrepreneurialship and the power of the globalization and the rising productivity, and 3rd use human ingenuity to improve technologies, management, organization; all of these but by limiting governments economic involvement, saving and enhancing individual freedoms, democracy. And the question remains: is all of these possible, are there such systems to accommodate all very complex global developments?

To ignore the realities and continue using economics as usual has shown particularly in the EU the bastion of the orthodox economics the long lasting harmful consequences that finally brought rising extreme left or right parties, leaders: from Hungary, Poland, Italy, Romania to Brexit the economics has greatly underperformed with high unemployment, eroding middle class, social policies, business activities that brought rigid politicians, parties that are limiting personal freedoms, media, immigration, – the blooming nationalism, zelophobia, radicalization resulted of such weak economies, economics. When deleveraged to the inequality, debt the GDP elsewhere in the EU has shown inadequate approach that could not accelerate individual business involvement enough to employ the majority into productive environment. Instead, the political madling with individual, less developed countries politics has been used to ensure some stability, the continuation of the orthodox trickle down economics that policies obviously failed to prevent the mentioned Brexit, Hungary, etc. The biggest tragedy of the EU is the long term slow down that under the Capitalism spells Debt whereas the 3% Debt/Deficit Rule limits the ability of individual countries to wrestle such harmful developments; it has been more like ‘Catch 22’.

But such developments could be well traced in the United States bringing in power the extreme right in the entire government wings: from the White House, Lower and Higher Senate Chambers, to the Supreme Court that is the last ongoing development. And as in the EU, the US political turbulence can be well traced in the US economic developments: President Trump was elected by the ‘left over’, ‘deplorable’ unemployed, underemployed, not given business opportunities , normal life.

The only country, market, economy that avoided such melt down has been China; but it used ‘as it comes; as it goes’ approaches market economics more successfully than anyone else. It is wrong to think that China manipulated their currency and therefor succeeded; it is more complex a system of 21st Century flexible market economics that achieved such successes.Thus, to first, consider that somehow the trickle down orthodox economics has worked for China is jut not correct, because China used much more flexible market related economics: for example instead of maintaining General Equilibrium theories as all other Central Banks China used Parts Equilibriums theory along with targeting economic, market sectors by using lending, fiscal restrictions, initiatives to either slow down or give boost to targeted market sectors. China used State Owned Corporations to keep rising income, consumption, demand, too; that, approach use to bring inflation, shortages, underdevelopment in the past Communist Blocks now has helped taking out of poverty more than 600 Million Chinese, because the world of real economies has changed from pro Supply driven to a pro Demand or at least Equilibrium driven marketplace. What China has  shown to the world was that even an economy, market lacking freedoms, democratic freedoms if using properly economics it can succeed immensely. But also, if countries, economies, markets do not use proper market related economics the results could be meager, catastrophic, harmful not just to their or the global economy, marketplace but will have political consequences bringing back many years of liberalization, democracy, improvement.

Joshua Ioji Konov 2017